Most vehicles have the ability to go very fast, but legal speed limits prevent them from doing so. This can be frustrating, but adherence is a must. The law is not arbitrary; these restrictions exist because they have to. They protect people from harm and other negative consequences of speeding.
Why are speed limits necessary? The following reasons are at the top of the list:
Ensure Adequate Reaction Time
The faster a car goes, the harder it is to stop it due to inertia. You will need to apply a greater amount of braking force, which puts a strain on the system. The distance between the point where you apply the brakes and the point where it makes a complete stop will be longer.
You might not be able to react in time to avoid a barrier, a pedestrian, an animal, or another car that seemingly appeared out of nowhere. Capping the speed provides motorists with adequate reaction time in case they find themselves in tricky situations.
Reduce Collisions and Impact Forces
By forcing drivers to go slower, aggressive behaviors such as racing and overspeeding on the road are tamed. Avoidable collisions can be reduced significantly. Even when cars bump into each other, the impact forces should be relatively low. Being totaled is less of a concern.
This makes the roads safer overall. Fatalities due to major injuries from crashes can be prevented. Minor vehicle damage should be quick and easy to repair. Of course, other safety precautions must be taken, such as wearing seat belts, using airbags, and driving defensively. When a crash does occur, the victim can recover the cost of damages with help from a car accident attorney.
Manage Vehicular Volatility
Cars will only be able to work well within a limited speed range. Try to go any higher and they will become volatile. The engine will start to make odd sounds, the car will vibrate uncontrollably, and the vehicle will become difficult to drive. This can be exacerbated by certain weather and road conditions.
It would be unwise to drive fast when it is snowing as the ground is wet and slippery. The same is true for winding roads that require lots of turns and careful handling. Lower speed results in a greater amount of control.
Improve Average Fuel Efficiency
Limiting speed can also help motorists improve the fuel efficiency of their cars. Going at full speed all the time can cause the engine to go through a full tank quickly. This may result in mechanical issues, as well.
Slowing down enables fuel consumption to proceed at a more reasonable rate. Given the cost of fuel, the efficiency improvement will be much appreciated by your wallet. Enjoy more miles per dollar as you cruise the streets.
Numerous studies on this topic have been completed. They are not unanimous in their findings but the latest European research studies have confirmed the claim.
Lower Environmental Impact
Increased fuel efficiency is great for the environment as it means less fuel gets used on average. There will be lower CO2 emissions, which help in the fight against global warming. Particulate emissions may also be reduced, which should result in better air quality for the locals.
Although environmental impact is not traditionally cited as the primary reason for putting up speed limits, it is being discussed with higher frequency in policy discussions as the public becomes more aware of the issues involved.